Navratri Colours 2017

During Durga Puja festival, wearing dresses according to Navratri colours is quite popular. For the nine forms of Shakti (also known as Navdurga), nine different coloured dresses are worn by the devotees on each day of the festival to worship and please the divine feminine power. They are – Yellow, Red, Orange, Pink, Royal Blue, White, Grey and Green.

The festival is about celebrating the manifestation of Goddess Durga in nine different avatars – Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. Navaratri celebrations vary from region to region in the country. One of the most followed traditions, especially in states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, is wearing clothes according to Navratri colour of the day and observing fast in honour of the respective form of Navdurga.

Day 1 September 21 - Yellow
Day 2 September 22 - Green
Day 3 September 23 - Grey
Day 4 September 24 - Orange
Day 5 September 25 - White
Day 6 September 26 - Red
Day 7 September 27 - Royal Blue
Day 8 September 28 - Pink
Day 9 September 29 - Purple

The festival of Sharad Navratri is about the victory of good over evil. Goddess Durga killed the mighty demon king, Mahishasura when all Gods failed to save the universe from his tyranny. As per Rambha Kalpa, Goddess Durga in the form of 18 handed Ugrachandi killed Mahishasura. However, as per Neelalohita Kalpa, 16 handed Bhadrakali killed Mahishasura, and as per Shwetavaraha Kalpa, ten-handed Katyayani killed Mahishasura. The ferocious form of Maa Durga is worshipped by devotees to seek blessings for a happy and prosperous life. The rituals during Navratri festival is not just limited to dressing according to sacred colours but also sees nine-day long religious fastings, recitation of Durga Saptashati and Kanya Puja among others. We wish all the devotees of Maa Durga, a very Happy Navratri 2017.


Importance of Hindi Language

The Hindi language is very old, and has a direct line of evolution to Sanskrit. As such it is part of one of the oldest religious and literary traditions in the world – traditions that have influenced other religions and works of art, whether we realise it or not. As such Hindi is incredibly important in the historic development of the world’s cultures, and well worth not just honouring, but studying. Anyone with an interest in world history or languages would do well to do a little bit of intense reading on the subject of Hindi.

India is also a rising power in the world. It still struggles with poverty on a grand scale, but there is every indication that India is emerging as an economic powerhouse. If nothing else, it’s huge population means it is a market that no global business can hope to ignore, and India has additionally signalled clearly its desire to establish itself as a regional superpower. This all means that you can expect India to have a larger and larger impact on the world in both political and artistic arenas – making Hindi more and more important as we move forward.

Culture

Finally, it might surprise some Westerners to know that India has one of the largest and most successful film industries in the world. Indian cinema has a distinct flavour and has contributed many innovations to the world of film. Any student of global culture – or any student of cinema, period – owes it to themselves to experience some of these amazing films. In order to truly appreciate them in their original glory, some knowledge of Hindi would be helpful. Knowing something of Hindi immediately opens up literally thousands of films to your experience – films that have had tremendous cultural impact in India and beyond.

Next time you read a story out of India, or hear about international relations between Pakistan and India, think of Hindi – one of our oldest and most complex languages, and a language that is still vital and evolving today.


Mauritian Author - Parsad Gunputh

Full name                      : Parsad Gunputh
Date of Birth                : 18:10:1933
Address                         : 160, John Kennedy Avenue, Vacoas
Phone No.                    : 6965643
National ID                 : G1810334212974
Small Profile Des       : Social worker, performs Ramayana classes, Writer & PoetBooks written             : Jeewan Pradeep (1996)
Hindi Shabda Chayan  (1980)
Devyani (1996)
Gariba (2004)

Previous Job Title    : Teacher

Previous Job Place   : Aryan Vedic Aided School

Qualification              : Academic (Visharad India University Allahabad Prayag

Social Activity            : Member Sugar Industry Pension Fund
Member Film Censor Board
Performing Prayers in Candos Hospital
Football Association

Award                         : Awarded in 2005 by Hindi Pracharini Sabha LongMountain
Awarded in 2012 by Ramayan Center
Awarded in 2016 by Ram Priya Shiv Mandir Glen-Park


Hindu Kharmas Calendar 2017 ( हिंदू खर्मस )

Kharmas is an inauspicious month in Hindu calendar followed in North India. In 2017, Kharmas is marked from December 16, 2017 to January 14, 2018. Another Kharmas period is from from March 14, 2017 to April 13, 2017. The period is considered to be a bad period and marriages, house warming are not held. Kharmas is followed mainly in Bihar, Jharkhand and in parts of eastern Uttar Pradesh.Annually, Kharmas is the period from mid December to mid January and also from mid March to mid April.

As per the beliefs, the month of Kharmas is inauspicious. In some parts of the country, Kharmas are known as Mal-Mas.  Basically, the month of Kharmas is followed by the people of North India. Therefore, Kharmas is observed in the states of Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It should be noted that Kharmas are not observed on the eastern, southern and western regions of India. According to the south calendar, this is the Margazhi month and is believed to be highly rewarding for the matters related to spirituality.

During Kharmas Refrain From

During the duration of Kharmas, some specific activities are strictly prohibited in the Hindu community. For this one one month, people do not initiate any new tasks or you can say that during this time, making any new beginning is not considered favorable. Here, are some activities which you should avoid during this inauspicious period:

  1. Construction of house or any other building should not be started, once Kharmas begin. This also includes refraining from buying the raw materials for the same.
  2. Auspicious occasions like marriage ceremony (Vivah), house warming ceremony (Griha Pravesh), engagement are also avoided.
  3. Purchasing any kind of property or land should be avoided as well.
  4. This time period is not considered good for buying new vehicle.

What To Do During Kharmas

It is believed that on the last day of Kharmas, making donations and charities yields fruitful results. As donations, you can offer food, jaggery and clothes to the needy people.

Why Avoid Making New Beginnings During Kharmas?

It is believed that the period of Kharmas is unlucky or inauspicious; therefore making any new beginning during Kharmas month do not yield rewarding results. For this reason, new beginnings should be made after this month gets over. Anyone who do not follow the month of Kharmas, will be on the risk of being ill fated.

 


Anant Chaturdashi Vrat ( अनंत-चतुर्दशी-व्रत)

The 14th day of the bright half of Bhadrapad (Aug-Sep) is called Anant Chaturdashi. On this auspicious day Lord Vishnu sleeping on the bed Anant (the serpent shesh), in the milky ocean is worshipped and meditated upon. People also observe a vow in honour of Vishnu, which if kept for 14 years is supposed to bring wealth.

This vrat is to be performed on Bhadrapada shukla chaturdashi. After bathing and attiring in red, decorate the altar with devotion. Keep a kalash on the south of the altar in which you invite the Lord. Keep 7 darbhas tied to each other to represent ananta. Keep a red thread with 14 knots on the altar. Worship lord with 14 variety of flowers and 14 variety of leaves. The prasad for this vrat is Atiras. Make 28 of them and serve them to brahmins. Those attendning should be given food and respect. Do this vrat for 14 years each year replacing the thread that was worn in the earlier year. 15th year do the udyapana.

Anant Chaturdashi Vrat Katha

There was a Brahmin with the name Sumant. His wife Diksha gave birth to girl child who named Sushila. After the death of Diksha, Sumant married another woman Karkash. Karkash was not at all caring towards Sushila so when Sushila grew younger she decided to marry Kaundinya to get rid of the ruthless behavior of her step mother.

Once Sushila joined a group of women bathing in the river. These women were offering prayers to Anant. In order to get endowed with his blessings Sushila prayed as well and in a little time-span became quite rich. One day when her husband observed the Anant string in her hand he became annoyed and told her that they were rich not because of a mere thread but because of his wisdom. Saying this he took the thread and burnt it.

After this incident their economic status fell considerably. So he soon realized the importance of Anant string. He decided that he will undergo penance. He vowed for fourteen years and got his wealth back.


Anurag Sharma awarded in Mauritius

Anurag Sharma, a renowned Indian writer and poet, awarded by the Mahatma Gandhi Institute:
The winner of the first edition of the Apravasi Hindi Sahitya Srijan Samman, organized by the Mahatma Gandhi Institute is Anurag Sharma, a renowned Indian writer and poet in the United States.

At the award ceremony at the Subramania Bharati Lecture Theater at the MGI, the winner received his award from the Speaker of the National Assembly, Maya Hanoomanjee, in the presence of several personalities. This award is intended for the author of the the best literary work in Hindi among the Indian diaspora throughout the world.



INDIAN LANGUAGE IN MAURITIUS(मॉरिशस में भारतीय भाषा)

THE EARLY INDIAN PRESENCE IN MAURITIUS

The use of Indian languages on the island is associated by most of us with the huge immigrations of the 19th century. In fact, the Indian presence dates from the earliest days of human settlement of Mauritius. There were slaves and convicts from Bengal and South India on the island during the years of Dutch occupation, who no doubt conversed in their own languages with other immigrants from their regions of origin. No details of their linguistic skills from this period, survive, however. Their numbers were very small, and we can at present only guess at their means of communication with fellow-Indians and with the heterogeneous slave population of Dutch Mauritius.

The free South Indian community of the Isle of France, known as the Malabars, are the best known of these groups of early Indian arrivals. They lent their name to an entire section of the capital, which became known as the Camp de Malabars (present day Plaine Verte and its environs), occupied important posts in the government of the day, and were a significant element of the local socio-political scene. The Isle of France was not a secular state – Christianity was the religion of the rulers, and Christian names were imposed for the purposes of civil status records.  An important group within  the Malabar community was already Catholic, many having been influenced by the strong Jesuit presence in South India, but another faction remained staunchly Hindu.  Like a third community of Indian origin in the Isle of France, the free Lascar or Muslim population, they paid only lip-service to the state religion, adopting Christian first names and accepting baptism where necessary, but adhering to their own faith. The Muslim community was more heterogeneous in composition, comprising members from as far afield as Bengal and Bombay, as well as some South Indians. Many of their number had originally been seafarers, but by the late 18th century, many Muslims had settled permanently on the Isle of France, as cultivators of land, market traders and the like. Finally, the slaves brought from India and sold to Isle of France inhabitants were also from various regions of the country, and hence spoke different languages.  Records clearly indicate that amongst the servile population of the island were Bengalis, Telegus, Tamils and even some Marathis, so that all of these languages must have been spoken on the island at this time. Again, however, few records survive, and the impulse towards creolisation was strong.

THE PRE-INDENTURE 19TH CENTURY

Even before the streams of indentured labour which began in 1834 and were to revolutionise the demographic make-up of Mauritius, new Indian immigrants made an impact on the new British colony. Indeed, Indian troops participated in the capture of the island itself, and whilst most were shipped back to fight other wars for the British within a few months of the conquest, it is possible that some stayed on. The new British administrators brought civil servants from India who were competent in English and who occupied clerical positions in the new colony. Annasamy, a Tamil who went on to be an important planter, owning Bon Espoir, was one of several Indians who arrived in the first few years of British rule, to take up employment in a government department.

Indeed it was the Tamil language which was the most influential of the Indian vernaculars in Mauritius prior to the mass arrival of Bhojpuri speaking North Indians. Trading communities of South Indian Tamils and Western Indian Gujarati speakers were the first to establish printed material in their languages on the island, and it is no coincidence that on Mauritian banknotes the Tamil language takes pride of place, and that Gujarati also figures. This is a throwback to the relative importance of these languages in the past – an issue which has recently caused controversy in a modern Mauritius where Hindi is now the dominant Indian vernacular. An attempt to give Hindi a more prominent place on the banknotes resulted in a climbdown after Tamils – and others with a sense of history! – protested.  It was a strong indication that language remains, and has always been, a political question on the island.


Happy Ganesha Chathurthi 2017

“Vakra-Tunndda Maha-Kaaya Surya-Kotti Samaprabha
Nirvighnam Kuru Me Deva Sarva-Kaaryeshu Sarvadaa”

                                                             “वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय सुर्यकोटि समप्रभ
निर्विघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्वकार्येषु सर्वदा”

Image result for ganesh

Mauritius is a culturally rich heritage island marking unity in diversity. The number and diversity of public holidays and festivals indicate the rich heritage of the island’s people and its ethnic diversity. Mauritius has a number of public holidays of different religious festivals thus marking its ethnic diversity.

Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the public holidays in Mauritius. Hinduism being the main culture of Mauritius with 52 percent of the population, all the Hindus of the island country celebrates this festival with great fervor. All the devotees of Lord Ganesha do pujas in the temples and celebrate the festival. People from different towns and villages join in the process of the immersion of lord Ganesha’s idol. They all gather along the beaches of the island country and take part in the immersion ceremony. The statue of lord Ganesha is also worshipped in many family and households and then these statues are also taken to the rivers and seas for immersion.


Hindi Literature (हिंदी साहित्य)

Hindi literature (Hindi: हिन्दी साहित्य, Hindi Sahitya) includes literature in the various Central Zone Indo-Aryan languageswhich have writing systems. It is broadly classified into four prominent forms (styles) based on the date of production. They are:

  • Vir-Gathas (poems extolling brave warriors) – 11th–14th century
  • Bhakti era poems (devotional poems) – 14th–18th century
  • Riti or Srngar poems (poems of romance) – 18th–20th century
  • Adhunik literature (modern literature) – 20th century onwards

The literature was produced in dialects such as Braj, Bundeli, Awadhi, Kannauji, Khariboli, Marwari, Angika, Vajjika, Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri and Chhattisgarhi.From the 20th century, works produced in Standard Hindi, a register of Hindustani written in the Devanagari script, are sometimes regarded as the only basis of modern literature in Hindi.


The History of the Hindi Language

In the beginning there was Sanskrit, one of the most studied and important languages in history. Sanskrit is a the language that the Vedas were written in, the earliest forms of the Hindu religious texts, and as such has had an incredible influence over Hindu and Indian culture throughout history. The religious texts also mean that ancient Sanskrit has been preserved for study and is still used today in some areas of India, meaning it’s one of the rare examples in the world of an ancient language we can observe and study as it is used.

Sanskrit used what is known as the Devnagari script in its written form, and gave birth to several languages that still exist today, including a language that eventually evolved into what we call Hindustani. Hindustani became one of the most prevalent languages in the region, and when the British Raj ruled India it used Hindustani as the government’s official language, which solidified its position as the national language.

Hindi and Urdu (हिंदी और उर्दू)

When India and Pakistan became separate nations, the languages known today as Urdu and Hindi were created. Urdu and Hindi are, essentially, Hindustani – the differences between them were initially more political than anything else. However, as time has gone on the differences in the languages have become more pronounced – they are still essentially the same language, but with some vital new changes.

Hindi still uses the Devnagari script it inherited from Sanskrit, for example, while Urdu uses a Persian script in its written form. Urdu has also imported a great number of Persian words into its vocabulary over the years, slowly building up a small amount of vocabulary that does not exist in the Hindi side of the divide.

This is what I find fascinating. We may be witnessing the very beginning of a language split; in centuries, Urdu and Hindi may not be mutually intelligible any more, and may evolve into two truly separate languages. The opportunity to watch this develop over the years is quite awe inspiring and humbling for this Word Nerd.