Mauritian Author - Parsad Gunputh

Full name                      : Parsad Gunputh
Date of Birth                : 18:10:1933
Address                         : 160, John Kennedy Avenue, Vacoas
Phone No.                    : 6965643
National ID                 : G1810334212974
Small Profile Des       : Social worker, performs Ramayana classes, Writer & PoetBooks written             : Jeewan Pradeep (1996)
Hindi Shabda Chayan  (1980)
Devyani (1996)
Gariba (2004)

Previous Job Title    : Teacher

Previous Job Place   : Aryan Vedic Aided School

Qualification              : Academic (Visharad India University Allahabad Prayag

Social Activity            : Member Sugar Industry Pension Fund
Member Film Censor Board
Performing Prayers in Candos Hospital
Football Association

Award                         : Awarded in 2005 by Hindi Pracharini Sabha LongMountain
Awarded in 2012 by Ramayan Center
Awarded in 2016 by Ram Priya Shiv Mandir Glen-Park

Anurag Sharma awarded in Mauritius

Anurag Sharma, a renowned Indian writer and poet, awarded by the Mahatma Gandhi Institute:
The winner of the first edition of the Apravasi Hindi Sahitya Srijan Samman, organized by the Mahatma Gandhi Institute is Anurag Sharma, a renowned Indian writer and poet in the United States.

At the award ceremony at the Subramania Bharati Lecture Theater at the MGI, the winner received his award from the Speaker of the National Assembly, Maya Hanoomanjee, in the presence of several personalities. This award is intended for the author of the the best literary work in Hindi among the Indian diaspora throughout the world.

Hindi Literature (हिंदी साहित्य)

Hindi literature (Hindi: हिन्दी साहित्य, Hindi Sahitya) includes literature in the various Central Zone Indo-Aryan languageswhich have writing systems. It is broadly classified into four prominent forms (styles) based on the date of production. They are:

  • Vir-Gathas (poems extolling brave warriors) – 11th–14th century
  • Bhakti era poems (devotional poems) – 14th–18th century
  • Riti or Srngar poems (poems of romance) – 18th–20th century
  • Adhunik literature (modern literature) – 20th century onwards

The literature was produced in dialects such as Braj, Bundeli, Awadhi, Kannauji, Khariboli, Marwari, Angika, Vajjika, Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri and Chhattisgarhi.From the 20th century, works produced in Standard Hindi, a register of Hindustani written in the Devanagari script, are sometimes regarded as the only basis of modern literature in Hindi.

The History of the Hindi Language

In the beginning there was Sanskrit, one of the most studied and important languages in history. Sanskrit is a the language that the Vedas were written in, the earliest forms of the Hindu religious texts, and as such has had an incredible influence over Hindu and Indian culture throughout history. The religious texts also mean that ancient Sanskrit has been preserved for study and is still used today in some areas of India, meaning it’s one of the rare examples in the world of an ancient language we can observe and study as it is used.

Sanskrit used what is known as the Devnagari script in its written form, and gave birth to several languages that still exist today, including a language that eventually evolved into what we call Hindustani. Hindustani became one of the most prevalent languages in the region, and when the British Raj ruled India it used Hindustani as the government’s official language, which solidified its position as the national language.

Hindi and Urdu (हिंदी और उर्दू)

When India and Pakistan became separate nations, the languages known today as Urdu and Hindi were created. Urdu and Hindi are, essentially, Hindustani – the differences between them were initially more political than anything else. However, as time has gone on the differences in the languages have become more pronounced – they are still essentially the same language, but with some vital new changes.

Hindi still uses the Devnagari script it inherited from Sanskrit, for example, while Urdu uses a Persian script in its written form. Urdu has also imported a great number of Persian words into its vocabulary over the years, slowly building up a small amount of vocabulary that does not exist in the Hindi side of the divide.

This is what I find fascinating. We may be witnessing the very beginning of a language split; in centuries, Urdu and Hindi may not be mutually intelligible any more, and may evolve into two truly separate languages. The opportunity to watch this develop over the years is quite awe inspiring and humbling for this Word Nerd.

Hindi Easy greetings Phrases

English Greetings Hindi Greetings:

Hi!Namastey!   नमस्ते
Good morning!Suprabhaat   सुप्रभात
Good evening!Shubh sundhyaa.   शुभ संध्या
Welcome! (to greet someone)Aapka swaagat hai!   आपका स्वागत हैं।
How are you?Aap kaisey hain?   आप कैसे हैं ?
I'm fine, thanks!Mein theek hoon, shukriya!   मैं ठीक हुँ ।
And you?Aur aap?   और आप?Good/ So-So.Accha/ Theek-thaak   अच्छा/ ठीक-ठाक
Thank you (very much)!Shukriyaa (Bahut dhanyavaad)   शुक्रीया (बहुत धन्यवाद)
You're welcome! (for "thank you")***   ***
Hey! Friend!Arrey, Dost!.   अरे, दोस्त
I missed you so much!Mujhey aapkee bahut yaad aaee.?   मुझे आपकी बहुत याद आयी।
What's new?Kyaa chal rahaa hai?;  क्या चल रहा हैं?Nothing muchZyaada kuch nahi   ज्यादा कुछ नहीं ।
Good night!Shubh raatri.   शुभ रात्री।
See you later!Phir milen-gay.!   अलविदा।
Good bye!Alvida!   अलविदा।
Asking for Help and Directions :
I'm lostHum kho gaye hain.   हम खो गये हैं ।
Can I help you?Kya mein aapki madad kar sakta/ sakti (female) hoon?
क्या मैं आपकी मदद कर सकता /सकती हुँ ।Can you help me?
Kya aap meri madad kar saktey hain?
क्या आप मेरी मदद कर सकते हैं ।Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)?śaucaghara/ pharmacy kahaan hai?   शौचघर/ फार्मेसी कहां हैGo straight! then turn left/ right!Seedhey jaaey! Phir bānyae/ dānyae mudiye
सीधे जाएँ-फिर बाएँ-दाएँ मुडिए ।
I'm looking for john.Mein John ko dhoondh rahaa/ rahi (female) hoon.
मैं जोन को ढुँढ रहा-रही हुँ ।
One moment please!Ek minat…   एक मिनटHold on please! (phone)Ek minat…   एक मिनटHow much is this?Yeh kaisey diyaa?   यह कैसे दिया ।
Excuse me ...! (to ask for something)Kshama keejeeae…   क्षमा कीजिए ।
Excuse me! ( to pass by)Kshama keejeeae…   क्षमा कीजिए ।Come with me!Mere saath aaeeyé!   मेरे साथ आइए ।

What is Hindi Language?

Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. Hindi is an Indo-Germanic or Indo-European language. It is descended from Sanskrit and is considered part of the New Indo-Aryan subgroup. However, it was also influenced, especially in vocabulary, by various other languages including Persian, Arabic, Turkish, Portuguese, and English.

Along with the English language, Hindi written in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Government of India.It is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India. However, it is not the national language of India because it was not prescribed as such in the Indian constitution.

Hindi is the lingua franca of the so-called Hindi belt in India. Outside India, it is an official language which is known as Fiji Hindi in Fiji, and is a recognised regional language in Mauritius, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname.

Individually, as a linguistic variety, Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Alongside Urdu as Hindustani, it is the third most-spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English.

Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is considered to be a direct descendant of an early form of Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Śauraseni Apabhraṃśa. It has been influenced by Dravidian languages, Turkic languages, Persian, Arabic, Portuguese and English Hindi emerged as Apabhramsha (Sanskrit: अपभ्रंश; corruption or corrupted speech), a vernacular form of Prakrit, in the 7th century A.D. Standard Hindi is based on the Khariboli dialect, the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region, which came to replace earlier prestige dialects such as Kannauji and Braj. Urdu – another form of Hindustani – acquired linguistic prestige in the later Mughal period (1800s), and underwent significant Persian influence. In the late 19th century, a movement to develop Hindi as a standardised form of Hindustani separate from Urdu took form. In 1881, Bihar accepted Hindi as its sole official language, replacing Urdu, and thus became the first state of India to adopt Hindi.

After independence, the government of India instituted the following conventions:

  • standardisation of grammar: In 1954, the Government of India set up a committee to prepare a grammar of Hindi; The committee's report was released in 1958 as A Basic Grammar of Modern Hindi.
  • standardisation of the orthography, using the Devanagari script, by the Central Hindi Directorate of the Ministry of Education and Culture to bring about uniformity in writing, to improve the shape of some Devanagari characters, and introducing diacritics to express sounds from other languages.

The Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as an official language of India on 14 September 1949. Now, it is celebrated as Hindi Day